Apache Cassandra is a free and open-source distributed database management system designed to handle large amounts of data across many commodity servers, providing high availability with no single point of failure. Cassandra offers robust support for clusters spanning multiple data centers, with asynchronous masterless replication allowing low-latency operations for all clients.
Cassandra's design allows it to scale horizontally across multiple servers. It provides high availability through replicating data across multiple servers and can tolerate the failure of a number of servers without any loss of data or availability. It is designed to handle very large amounts of data and can store data with very low latency. Cassandra is a popular choice for high-scale data storage and is used by many large companies and organizations, including eBay, Netflix, and Reddit.
What is apache Cassandra used for?
Apache Cassandra is a NoSQL database, which means that it is designed to handle large amounts of data that are distributed across many servers. It is often used for storing large amounts of data that is designed to be horizontally scalable, meaning that it can be easily distributed across multiple servers as the data set grows. Cassandra is particularly well-suited for handling real-time data, such as data from social media, IoT devices, and e-commerce systems, where data needs to be written and read quickly.
Some common use cases for Cassandra include:
- Storing and analyzing large amounts of data that are generated in real-time, such as log data, financial data, and social media data
- Building high-scale applications that need to handle a large volume of read and write requests, such as e-commerce platforms, social networks, and gaming applications
- Storing and managing data for Internet of Things (IoT) applications, where large amounts of data from sensors and devices need to be processed and analyzed in real-time
- Building data pipelines to process and analyze data from multiple sources, such as data lakes, data warehouses, and real-time data streams
Where is Cassandra's data stored?
In Apache Cassandra, data is stored in a distributed manner across all nodes in the Cassandra cluster. Each node in the cluster stores a portion of the data, and the data is automatically replicated to other nodes to provide fault tolerance.
The data in Cassandra is stored in tables, which are similar to tables in a traditional relational database like MySQL. Each table has a set of columns, and each row in the table has a set of values for those columns. In Cassandra, each row is uniquely identified by a primary key, which is made up of one or more columns in the table.
When data is written to Cassandra, it is automatically distributed across the nodes in the cluster using a partitioning scheme. The partitioning scheme determines which node in the cluster will store a particular piece of data based on the primary key of the row. This allows Cassandra to distribute the data evenly across the cluster and to handle a large number of read and write requests in parallel.
Overall, Cassandra is designed to store data in a distributed and fault-tolerant manner, allowing it to scale horizontally across multiple servers and to handle large amounts of data with low latency.
When to use the Cassandra database?
There are a few key scenarios in which Apache Cassandra may be a good fit as a database:
- You need to handle a large volume of read and write requests: Cassandra is designed to handle a high volume of read and write requests, making it a good choice for applications that need to handle a lot of traffic.
- You have a large amount of data that needs to be distributed across multiple servers: Cassandra is a distributed database, which means that it is designed to store data across multiple servers. This makes it a good choice for applications that generate or store a large amount of data that needs to be distributed.
- You need a database that can tolerate the failure of one or more servers: Cassandra is designed to be fault-tolerant, meaning that it can continue to operate even if one or more servers fail. This makes it a good choice for applications that need to be highly available.
- You need a database that can scale horizontally: Cassandra is designed to scale horizontally, meaning that it can easily distribute data across multiple servers as the data set grows. This makes it a good choice for applications that are expected to grow significantly over time.
Overall, Cassandra is a good choice for applications that need to handle a large volume of read and write requests, store and distribute a large amount of data, and scale horizontally as the data set grows.