How to Get Distinct Record Postgresql With Union?

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To get distinct records in PostgreSQL with UNION, you can use the keyword DISTINCT in your query. When using UNION to combine multiple select statements, you can add the keyword DISTINCT after SELECT to ensure that only unique records are returned. This will eliminate any duplicate records that may result from combining the results of multiple queries using UNION. In this way, you can retrieve distinct records from different tables or queries in PostgreSQL.

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How to ensure the order of results while fetching distinct records in PostgreSQL?

To ensure the order of results while fetching distinct records in PostgreSQL, you can use the ORDER BY clause in the query.


Here's an example query that fetches distinct records from a table called "table_name" and orders the results by a specific column:

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SELECT DISTINCT column1, column2 
FROM table_name 
ORDER BY column1 ASC;


In this query, the DISTINCT keyword is used to fetch only unique records, and the ORDER BY clause is used to order the results by the "column1" in ascending order. You can change the column and the sort order based on your requirements.


By using the ORDER BY clause in conjunction with the DISTINCT keyword, you can ensure that the results are ordered in a specific way while fetching distinct records in PostgreSQL.


How to eliminate duplicates from the result set in PostgreSQL using UNION?

One way to eliminate duplicates from the result set in PostgreSQL when using UNION is to use the UNION operator with the UNION ALL operator.


The UNION operator will combine the result sets of two queries, and will automatically remove any duplicate rows from the combined result set.


Here is an example of how to use UNION to eliminate duplicates from the result set in PostgreSQL:

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(SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1)
UNION
(SELECT column1, column2 FROM table2)


If you want to include duplicate rows in the result set, you can use the UNION ALL operator instead:

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(SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1)
UNION ALL
(SELECT column1, column2 FROM table2)


By using UNION instead of UNION ALL, you can ensure that duplicate rows are eliminated from the result set.


What is the advantage of using UNION over JOIN in PostgreSQL for fetching unique records?

Using UNION over JOIN in PostgreSQL for fetching unique records has the advantage of combining the results of two or more SELECT statements and returning only unique records. This can be useful when you have multiple tables with overlapping data and you want to eliminate duplicates in the final result set.


UNION can be used to combine the results of multiple SELECT statements into a single result set, while also removing any duplicates that may exist between the tables. This can help simplify the query and make it more efficient, as it can reduce the need for additional JOIN clauses and grouping.


In contrast, JOIN is used to combine rows from two or more tables based on a related column between them. While JOIN can also fetch unique records, it may require more complex SQL syntax and additional clauses to ensure that duplicates are eliminated from the result set.


Overall, using UNION over JOIN in PostgreSQL for fetching unique records can provide a simpler and more efficient solution, particularly when dealing with multiple tables and the need to eliminate duplicates in the final result set.


How to combine two queries and retrieve unique records in PostgreSQL using UNION?

To combine two queries and retrieve unique records in PostgreSQL using UNION, follow these steps:

  1. Write the two separate queries that you want to combine. For this example, let's say we have two tables, 'table1' and 'table2', and we want to combine the results of querying both tables.
  2. Write the two queries separately: Query 1: SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1 WHERE condition1; Query 2: SELECT column1, column2 FROM table2 WHERE condition2;
  3. Use the UNION operator to combine the two queries and retrieve unique records: (SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1 WHERE condition1) UNION (SELECT column1, column2 FROM table2 WHERE condition2);
  4. The above query will combine the results of the two separate queries and remove any duplicate records, giving you only the unique records from both tables.
  5. You can further refine the combined result by using the UNION ALL operator, which will include duplicates in the final result. (SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1 WHERE condition1) UNION ALL (SELECT column1, column2 FROM table2 WHERE condition2);


By following these steps, you can combine two queries and retrieve unique records in PostgreSQL using the UNION operator.


What is the alternative to using DISTINCT in PostgreSQL for getting unique records?

One alternative to using DISTINCT in PostgreSQL for getting unique records is to use the GROUP BY clause in conjunction with an aggregate function such as COUNT(), SUM(), AVG(), etc. By grouping the results based on a specific column or columns, you can achieve similar results to using DISTINCT.


What is the role of UNION in combining result sets in PostgreSQL?

In PostgreSQL, the UNION operator is used to combine the result sets of two or more SELECT statements into a single result set. The UNION operator removes any duplicate rows from the combined result set.


The syntax for using the UNION operator is as follows:

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SELECT column1, column2, ...
FROM table1
WHERE condition
UNION
SELECT column1, column2, ...
FROM table2
WHERE condition;


When using the UNION operator, the SELECT statements must have the same number of columns, and the data types must be compatible. The columns from the different SELECT statements must also be in the same order.


It is important to note that the UNION operator only includes distinct rows in the result set. If you want to include all rows, including duplicates, you can use the UNION ALL operator instead.

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