How to Set Null to A Field In GraphQL?

10 minutes read

In GraphQL, setting a field to null is straightforward. When querying for a particular field, if the resolved value of that field is null, it indicates the absence of a value.


To set a field to null in GraphQL, you can achieve it in the resolver function for that field. The resolver function is responsible for retrieving the data for that field from the appropriate data source and returning it.


In JavaScript, for example, a resolver function can be implemented as follows:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    user: () => {
      // Retrieve user data from the database
      const user = fetchUser();
      
      if (user) {
        return user;
      } else {
        return null; // Setting field to null
      }
    },
  },
};


In the above example, if the fetchUser function fails to find a matching user, it returns null. Consequently, the user field will be set to null in the GraphQL response.


You can also set a field to null conditionally based on certain business logic or conditions within the resolver function.


It's important to note that in GraphQL, null is different from an empty list. While null represents the absence of a value, an empty list indicates that the field has been resolved as an empty collection.

Top Rated JavaScript Books to Read in March 2024

1
JavaScript: The Definitive Guide: Master the World's Most-Used Programming Language

Rating is 5 out of 5

JavaScript: The Definitive Guide: Master the World's Most-Used Programming Language

2
Eloquent JavaScript, 3rd Edition: A Modern Introduction to Programming

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Eloquent JavaScript, 3rd Edition: A Modern Introduction to Programming

3
Web Design with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and jQuery Set

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Web Design with HTML, CSS, JavaScript and jQuery Set

4
HTML, CSS, and JavaScript All in One: Covering HTML5, CSS3, and ES6, Sams Teach Yourself

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript All in One: Covering HTML5, CSS3, and ES6, Sams Teach Yourself

5
Head First JavaScript Programming: A Brain-Friendly Guide

Rating is 4.4 out of 5

Head First JavaScript Programming: A Brain-Friendly Guide

6
Mastering JavaScript Functional Programming: Write clean, robust, and maintainable web and server code using functional JavaScript, 2nd Edition

Rating is 4.3 out of 5

Mastering JavaScript Functional Programming: Write clean, robust, and maintainable web and server code using functional JavaScript, 2nd Edition

7
Murach's JavaScript and jQuery (4th Edition)

Rating is 4 out of 5

Murach's JavaScript and jQuery (4th Edition)


How to represent optional fields as null in a GraphQL response?

In a GraphQL response, optional fields can be represented as null by returning a null value for those fields. Here are a few examples of representing optional fields as null in GraphQL response:

  1. Scalar Field If an optional scalar field is null, it can be represented directly as a null value in the response. For instance, if you have a GraphQL schema like this:
1
2
3
4
type User {
  name: String
  age: Int
}


And the age field is optional, but not present for a particular user, the response could look like:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
{
  "data": {
    "user": {
      "name": "John Doe",
      "age": null
    }
  }
}


  1. Object Field If an optional object field is null, it can be represented as a null value in the response. For example:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
type User {
  name: String
  address: Address
}

type Address {
  street: String
  city: String
}


If the address field is optional and not present for a user, the response could look like:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
{
  "data": {
    "user": {
      "name": "John Doe",
      "address": null
    }
  }
}


  1. List Field If an optional list field is null, it can be represented as a null value in the response. For example:
1
2
3
4
type User {
  name: String
  emails: [String]
}


If the emails field is optional and not present for a user, the response could look like:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
{
  "data": {
    "user": {
      "name": "John Doe",
      "emails": null
    }
  }
}


In summary, by returning null as the value for optional fields in the GraphQL response, you can represent those fields as null.


How to specify nullable arguments in GraphQL mutations?

In GraphQL, you can specify nullable arguments in mutations by adding a question mark (?) after the argument type when defining the mutation input type.


Here's an example of how to specify a nullable argument in a GraphQL mutation:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
type Mutation {
  createUser(input: UserInput): User
}

input UserInput {
  name: String
  age: Int
}


In the example above, both name and age are nullable arguments. This means that when calling the createUser mutation, you can choose to omit values for these arguments.


Here's an example mutation query:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
mutation {
  createUser(input: {
    name: "John"
    age: 25
  }) {
    name
    age
  }
}


In this example, the name argument is provided with a value of "John" and the age argument is provided with a value of 25. However, if you were to omit the age argument or provide it with a null value, it would still be valid.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
mutation {
  createUser(input: {
    name: "John"
    age: null
  }) {
    name
    age
  }
}


In this case, the age argument is provided with a null value. The mutation will execute successfully, and the returned User object will have a null value for the age field.


What are the different ways to assign null to a field in GraphQL?

In GraphQL, there are a few different ways to assign null to a field:

  1. By not including the field in the selection set: If a field is not included in the selection set of a query, it will not be included in the response and will effectively be assigned null.
  2. By explicitly requesting null using the null literal: You can use the null keyword to explicitly request null for a field. For example, the following query will assign null to the "name" field: query { user { name: null } }
  3. By defining a field as nullable in the schema: By default, all fields in GraphQL are nullable, meaning they can be assigned null. If a field is defined as nullable in the schema, it can be assigned null in the response.
  4. By returning null from a resolver function: If a resolver function returns null for a field, that field will be assigned null in the response. This can be useful when implementing custom logic to determine the value of a field.


It's important to note that assigning null to a field in GraphQL does not necessarily mean an error has occurred. In GraphQL, null is a valid value that represents the absence of a value or an unknown value for a field.


How to handle null values in GraphQL mutations?

In GraphQL, you can handle null values in mutations by defining the arguments as nullable or non-null in the schema and adding validation logic in the resolver function.

  1. Define the arguments as nullable or non-null in the schema: type Mutation { updateUser(id: ID!, name: String!): User! } In this example, the id argument is non-null (must be provided) whereas the name argument is nullable.
  2. Add validation logic in the resolver function: const updateUser = async (_, { id, name }, context) => { if (!id) { throw new Error("id argument is required."); } if (name === null) { throw new Error("name cannot be null."); } // Perform the update logic here }; In this example, the resolver function checks if the id argument is provided and throws an error if it is not. It also checks if the name argument is null and throws an error in that case.


By using nullable and non-null argument definitions in the schema and adding validation logic in the resolver function, you can handle null values in GraphQL mutations and ensure the required data is provided.


What happens if a non-null field returns null in a GraphQL query?

If a non-null field returns null in a GraphQL query, the GraphQL server will treat it as a null error. It will throw an error and return an appropriate error response to the client. The error message will indicate that a non-null field returned a null value, which helps in debugging and identifying the issue with the query or the underlying data.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Telegram Whatsapp Pocket

Related Posts:

NULL values in MySQL represent the absence of a value. They can occur in a table column when no value has been assigned or when the value is unknown. Handling NULL values is an essential aspect of database management. Here are some important points to consider...
In Dart, you can determine if a customer object is null or not by using the null-aware operator called the "?.", or by using conditional statements.Using the null-aware operator: The null-aware operator "?." allows you to safely access properti...
To check for null values in MySQL, you can use the IS NULL or IS NOT NULL operators in combination with the WHERE clause in your SQL queries.For example, to select rows where a specific column (let's say "column_name") has a null value: SELECT * FR...