How to Deploy Phalcon on DreamHost?

10 minutes read

To deploy Phalcon on DreamHost, follow these steps:

  1. Create a new PHP environment: Log in to your DreamHost panel and navigate to the "Manage Domains" section. Select the domain where you want to deploy Phalcon and click on "Edit" in the Web Hosting column. Under the "PHP" section, click on "Manage Installed PHP Versions" and select the latest version of PHP.
  2. Enable Phalcon: Connect to your DreamHost server via SSH or SFTP and navigate to the root directory of your domain. Locate the .htaccess file and open it for editing. Add the following lines at the beginning of the file:
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AddHandler application/x-httpd-php72 .php
PHPIniDir /home/username/php/72/


Replace username with your actual DreamHost username. Save the changes to the .htaccess file.

  1. Install Phalcon: Log in to your DreamHost control panel and navigate to the "Goodies" section. Click on "MySQL Databases" and create a new database for your Phalcon application if you haven't already done so. Make note of the database credentials.


Next, connect to your DreamHost server via SSH and navigate to your domain's root directory. Run the following command to clone the Phalcon repository:

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git clone https://github.com/phalcon/cphalcon.git


Once the cloning is complete, navigate inside the cphalcon/build directory and run the following commands:

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sudo ./install --phpize /usr/local/bin/phpize --php-config /usr/local/bin/php-config
sudo service httpd restart


Phalcon should now be installed and enabled on your DreamHost server.

  1. Configure your Phalcon application: Navigate to the root directory of your Phalcon application and locate the app/config/config.php file. Update the database credentials to match the ones you created earlier in the DreamHost control panel.
  2. Upload your Phalcon application: Using FTP or SFTP, upload your Phalcon application files to the root directory of your domain.
  3. Test your application: Open a web browser and visit your domain to ensure that your Phalcon application is working correctly.


Note: These instructions assume a basic understanding of server management and assume that you have the necessary administrative access to your DreamHost hosting account.

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What is the recommended approach for handling translations in Phalcon on DreamHost?

When it comes to handling translations in a Phalcon application on DreamHost, the recommended approach is to use the built-in translation features provided by Phalcon itself.


Here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Enable the Translation Component in Phalcon: In your Phalcon application's bootstrap file (e.g., public/index.php), enable the translation component with the desired configuration. For example:
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$di->set('translate', function() {
    return new \Phalcon\Translate\Adapter\NativeArray([
        'content' => [
            'welcome' => 'Welcome',
            'hello'   => 'Hello'
        ]
    ]);
});


  1. Create Translation Files: Create translation files for each language you want to support. These files usually contain an array with the translated strings. For example, you can create a en.php file for English and es.php file for Spanish:
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// English translation file (en.php)
return [
    'welcome' => 'Welcome',
    'hello'   => 'Hello'
];


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// Spanish translation file (es.php)
return [
    'welcome' => 'Bienvenido',
    'hello'   => 'Hola'
];


  1. Configure Language Detection: In order to detect the user's language preference, you can use a language detector middleware or store the preferred language in the session. DreamHost provides PHP with $_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'] which you can use to determine the user's preferred language.
  2. Set the Translation Locale: Based on the detected or preferred language, set the translation locale in your controller or service. For example:
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$language = 'en'; // English
$translate = $this->di->getTranslate();
$translate->setLocale($language);


  1. Translate Text: Now you can use the translation component to translate your application's text. For example:
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$translatedWelcome = $this->translate->_('welcome');


By following these steps, you can effectively handle translations in your Phalcon application on DreamHost.


How to secure a Phalcon application on DreamHost?

To secure a Phalcon application on DreamHost, you can follow these steps:

  1. Use HTTPS: Obtain an SSL/TLS certificate for your domain and configure your server to use HTTPS. This ensures that all communications between the client and server are encrypted.
  2. Keep your Phalcon framework updated: Regularly update your Phalcon framework to the latest stable version. This helps to patch any security vulnerabilities that may have been discovered.
  3. Protect sensitive files: Ensure that files such as configuration files, database credentials, and any other sensitive information are not accessible from the web. Store these files outside of the public web directory or use appropriate file permissions to restrict access.
  4. Enable server-level security features: DreamHost provides several security features that you can enable, such as ModSecurity (a web application firewall) and basic directory password protection. Enable these features to add an extra layer of security to your Phalcon application.
  5. Implement user authentication and authorization: Use a secure user authentication and authorization system for your Phalcon application. This helps protect sensitive user data and restricts unauthorized access to certain parts of your application.
  6. Validate and sanitize user input: Ensure that all user input is properly validated and sanitized to prevent common security vulnerabilities like SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.
  7. Regularly backup your application: Take regular backups of your Phalcon application to ensure you can quickly recover in case of any security incidents or system failures.
  8. Monitor your application and server logs: Regularly monitor your application and server logs for any suspicious activity or unusual behavior. This can help you identify and respond to any potential security threats.


These steps provide a general guideline to secure your Phalcon application on DreamHost. However, it's always a good practice to stay updated with the latest security best practices and regularly review your application's security measures.


What is the recommended version of Phalcon for DreamHost?

Phalcon is not officially supported on DreamHost shared hosting plans. However, if you have a VPS or dedicated server with DreamHost, you can install and use Phalcon.


The recommended version of Phalcon depends on the compatibility of your server environment and the requirements of your application. Generally, it is recommended to use the latest stable version of Phalcon to take advantage of bug fixes, security patches, and new features.


You can check the official Phalcon website (https://phalcon.io/) to find the latest stable release and follow the installation instructions provided by Phalcon. Additionally, you may need to consult DreamHost's documentation or contact their support for specific instructions if you are using a VPS or dedicated server.


What is the correct way to handle URL rewriting with Phalcon on DreamHost?

To handle URL rewriting with Phalcon on DreamHost, you can follow these steps:

  1. Enable Phalcon on your DreamHost account: Log in to your DreamHost panel. Go to the "Manage Domains" section. Click on "Edit" next to the domain you want to enable Phalcon for. In the "Web Options" section, select the checkbox that says "Passenger (mod_rails/mod_rewrite)". Save the changes.
  2. Create a .htaccess file: In the root directory of your Phalcon project, create a new file named ".htaccess". Open the file in a text editor and add the following lines of code: RewriteEngine On RewriteRule ^$ public/ [L] RewriteRule (.*) public/$1 [L] These rules will redirect all requests to the "public" folder of your Phalcon project.
  3. Create a public/.htaccess file: In the "public" folder of your Phalcon project, create another file named ".htaccess". Open the file in a text editor and add the following lines of code: RewriteEngine On RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php?_url=/$1 [QSA,L] These rules will handle the URL rewriting and redirect all requests to the "index.php" file.
  4. Configure your Phalcon application: In your Phalcon project, open the "public/index.php" file. Make sure that the $application object is properly initialized and set up according to your application's needs.


By following these steps and configuring the necessary .htaccess files, you should be able to handle URL rewriting with Phalcon on DreamHost successfully.


What is Phalcon and its benefits?

Phalcon is an open-source PHP web framework that is designed to be fast, efficient, and easy to use. Some of its main benefits include:

  1. High performance: Phalcon is known for its speed and efficiency. It is written in C and is loaded as a PHP extension, allowing it to directly integrate into the web server and optimize performance.
  2. Low resource usage: Phalcon's design minimizes the amount of memory and CPU usage required to run applications, making it ideal for high traffic websites and applications.
  3. MVC architecture: It follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern, which separates the data, presentation, and logic layers of an application. This provides better maintainability, reusability, and scalability.
  4. Rich features: Phalcon provides a rich set of features such as routing, caching, ORM (Object-Relational Mapping), validation, security, and more. These features help developers build robust and secure web applications with less effort.
  5. Easy to learn and use: Phalcon provides a clean and intuitive API that is easy to understand and use. It also offers comprehensive documentation and a friendly community to help developers get started quickly.
  6. Extensibility: Phalcon allows developers to extend its functionality by creating custom components or integrating with third-party libraries. This makes it highly flexible and adaptable to different project requirements.
  7. Cross-platform compatibility: Phalcon supports major operating systems like Linux, Windows, and macOS, allowing developers to work with their preferred environments.
  8. Active development and updates: The Phalcon framework is actively maintained by its community, and regular updates are released to add new features, fix bugs, and improve performance.


Overall, Phalcon offers a powerful and efficient framework for PHP development, enabling developers to create high-performance web applications with ease.

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